Coronavirus has changed all of our lives in the past few months. Many skin changes have been reported to be seen with the virus itself, from hives to rashes to "covid toes." We've gotten acne from the masks that we are diligently wearing (nicknamed maskne). And the stress! The stress seems to be contributing to a hair loss condition that happens to many, called telogen effluvium.
Hair loss is a common issue that affects millions of men and women.
Normally, our hair grows in a cycle. When hairs are in their growth phase, they are called anagen hairs. When they are resting (not growing), they are called telogen hairs. Catagen hairs are transitioning from growth to rest. Anagen hairs grow for about 3 years on average (the range can be between 2-6 years). The transition phase lasts about 1-2 weeks, and then hairs rest for 3-5 months. They shed, and the cycle starts all over again. At any given time, if you pluck a number of hairs from the scalp, about 85% will be in the growth phase and 10-15% will be resting. Less than 1% will be in the transition phase. We can tell this by the shape of the hair and follicle when it's examined under the microscope.
It's normal to shed 100-150 hairs daily. Think about it- that's a lot of hair. And even more so on days that you shampoo. But sometimes, that number increases, and the hair starts thinning or revealing bald patches. So let's look at some reasons why people lose their hair.
Stress. Surgeries, illness, and emotional stress can all cause temporary hair loss.
Pregnancy. During pregnancy, the anagen (growth) phase is often prolonged and many women enjoy thicker, fuller hair. On delivery of the baby, however, many follicles change into the telogen phase, and then are shed simultaneously, resulting in thinning/loss of hair 3-5 months after baby comes. This process is known as telogen effluvium. And it's one more reason to give your mom a hug-- she brought you into this world and then endured hair loss!
Iron Deficiency. Low iron levels (seen in a blood test), sometimes caused by mensturation or gastrointestinal blood loss, can also cause a telogen effluvium. Nutritional deficiencies are often treated with vitamin supplements and a varied, healthy diet.
Thyroid Deficiency. Variations in thyroid levels can often cause telogen effluvium as well. Levels can be checked with a simple blood test. Seeing an endocrinologist to treat abnormal levels is key.
Medications. Lots of medications can cause hair loss. Drug-induced telogen effluvium has been reported with amphetamines, blood pressure medications (captopril, metoprolol), antipsychotics (lithium), retinoids (etretinate), and more. Changing/discontinuing medications (under a physician's supervision) can help.
Androgenetic alopecia is another term for male-pattern and female-pattern baldness. In this condition, a hormone called dihydrotestosterone affects the androgen receptor gene to cause hair loss. There is likely a genetic component. Men tend to show a receeding hairline with loss of hair on the top of the scalp. Women tend to get thinning along the middle part of the hair in a "Christmas tree pattern."
Other conditions that can lead to hair loss include fungal infections, autoimmune diseases (such as lupus or alopecia areata), psoriasis, bacterial infections, and syphilis. Trauma to the hair from tight ponytails, frequent relaxer and hair color use, and overstyling can also lead to hair loss.
The good news-- telogen effluvium is limited and hair counts return to normal after a few months. A healthy diet, supplements such as Viviscal and Nutrafol, sleep, exercise and stress reduction are all helpful. For other types of hair loss, treatments, such as Rogaine, Finasteride for men, PRP (platelet-rich plasma injections), and hair transplants are options. Dr. Bilu Martin performs PRP treatments at Premier Dermatology, MD. Your blood is drawn and spun in a centrifuge. The plasma is separated from the red blood cells. The plasma, which contains growth factors, is injected into the scalp in a series of treatments. For more information about PRP and whether it is right for you, call (305) 521-8971.
Dermatologists are expert in skin, nails, and hair, and can help!
A new decade is upon us. A new year. New chances to improve ourselves and our lives. And step one is self care: taking the steps for physical and mental well-being. One important part of self care is giving your skin some love! At pdmd, we take a comprehensive approach to skin care, from lasers to fillers and botox to tailored skin care regimens and of course, facial services. This month, to kick off 2020 the right way, we are offering a special promotion with our amazing aesthetician, Audrey: a signature facial with microdermabrasion (1 hour long total treatment).
What is microdermabrasion?
Microdermabrasion is a painless, non-invasive procedure where a handheld applicator is used to stream super fine crystals and then vacuum/suction them to gently exfoliate the superficial, dry layers of the skin. The technique stimulates blood flow, resulting in glowing skin. The suctioning helps to unclog stubborn pores and improve mild acne. Collagen production is stimulated, improving the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. There may be mild redness for a day or two, but generally, there is very little downtime.
Microdermabrasion can be combined with other treatments offered during a facial, such as masks and chemical peels. Ask us about it at pdmd!
Happy New Year and wishing everyone beautiful, healthy skin!
And no, not Jordan, Joey, Donnie, Danny or Jonathan.
We're talking about the newest kid on the block for beauty! Jeuveau (prabotulinumtoxinA-xvfs) is the new FDA-approved injectable treatment to temporarily improve the look of frown lines. Jeuveau joins the FDA-approved toxins that are currently on the market: Botox, Dysport, and Xeomin. Having another option is always a good thing!
Hating the lines on your face but still hesitating? Let us clear up some common misconceptions.
"I'm afraid I'll look wierd."
With proper technique, a very natural, more youthful result can be achieved. Botox, Dysport, Xeomin, and now Jeuveau can smooth the "eleven" lines between the eyebrows, which make people appear angry, even when they're not. It can relax lines across the forehead, as well as crow's feet. It can stop wrinkles on the nose (bunny lines), a dimpled chin (golf ball chin), and tight neck bands. It can even slim the face when injected into the masseter muscles. A board certified dermatologist with cosmetic experience has the training necessary for beautiful, natural, "non-wierd" results. Please note that injections outside of the glabella are considered off-label.
"I don't think it's safe."
Botulinum toxin has been used in millions of patients worldwide for more than 20 years in the treatment of both medical and cosmetic conditions. While there are certain patients that should not have the treatment (those with an allergy to the product, certain neuromuscular conditions, those pregnant or nursing), when used correctly, it is overall a very safe treatment, with serious side effects being very rare.
"I don't want to look worse once it wears off."
The effects of neurotoxins last about three months. It works by temporarily stopping the release of a chemical from nerves called acetylcholine which instructs muscles to contract. After a short period of time, the nerves begin releasing the chemical again, and the muscle will contract, just like they did before. Wrinkles will return to what they were before the treatment.
Botulinum toxin injections are one of the most popular cosmetic procedures performed worldwide. With no cutting or downtime, a little can go a long way.
Ask us at pdmd which toxin is right for you!